Andrew Jackson is the President of the democratic breakthrough. In the political consciousness of Americans Andrew Jackson remained as the “people’s President”. My essay on Andrew Jackson is about the life of this deeply respected man.
Future seventh President of the United States was born on March 15, 1767, in the little village of South Carolina. His father was an Irishman and two years before Andrew’s birth moved with his wife Elizabeth Hutchinson and two sons to South Carolina and bought land there. Father died shortly before the birth of the youngest son. As little Andrew had to become a priest. So, he unlike his brothers was privileged to obtain in the subsequent time an education of the elementary school, which several years later was interrupted by the war for independence. Andrew and his older brother Robert went to the front and in one of the battles with the British they were captured. And both of them suffered serious head injuries. This wound became the cause of Robert's death a few months later. In the spring of 1781 Andrew was released from captivity. A few weeks later his mother dies. So tragically began the life of Andrew Jackson, who in the first 15 years of his life lost everything. You can read on our website essay about war. If you don’t have time to write essays, then just write to paper writers and they will do it for you. Also, our service has enough material on the different topic to create the best paper.
Perhaps these cruel changes that happened to him, forced him to radically change his life. He moved to Salisbury, which was in North Carolina, in order to study low in one of the most prestigious educational institutions. He has been studying there in 1784-1787. The result was the appointment of Andrew to the post of district attorney in the territory which was later called Tennessee. In 1788 he settled in the village of Nashville. That time it was almost uninhabited wild area.
Andrew Jackson married in 1791 with Rachel Donelson. At that time their family was one of the first in Tennessee. Success in the personal life was accompanied by Jackson's lawyer activity. He became the influential and wealthy planter. He did well in the public sphere also.
In 1796 he became a delegate of the constitutional Convention of the state. After Tennessee was admitted to the Union he went to Washington, to Congress, as the first Deputy of this state. Later in 1797 he became one of two senators of Tennessee. But then, not having received the mandate, he resigned and became a judge in the Supreme court of his state, having served in that position until 1804.
Political and military activity in Tennessee and Florida
In 1788, Jackson was appointed a public Prosecutor for the territory of Tennessee. When it joined the number of States, Jackson participated in the drafting of the fundamental laws of the new state (1796), and then was its representative in Congress. Abandoning public life he has hosted on his farm when England declared the war. Tennessee State entrusted him the command of the police, with the rank of major-general in 1812. As the head of 2,500 people, Jackson went down the Mississippi, defeated the Indians who were supported by the Spaniards and who ravaged the country and drove them to Florida. When the British threatened to New Orleans, Jackson obtained from Congress the command over the army and defeated enemies (8 January 1815). In 1821 Jackson was the first Governor of Florida that was ceded by Spanish.
On the US presidential election in 1824, Jackson received the relative majority of both voters and electors, but has not received an absolute majority. That is why the President (the only case in the history) was selected by the House of Representatives and it was not Jackson, but John Quincy Adams.
The next point of Andrew Jackson essay is his presidency. In 1828, after the expiration of Adams, Jackson again ran for President of the United States and was elected. His reign was the triumph of the Democratic Party, whose leader was Jackson.
Jackson was a particular supporter of the eviction of the Indians and got the help of the population of the southern States, which claimed to the lands of the 5 Civilized Tribes. In 1830 Jackson signed the removal act to legitimize the people's cleansing of the area that was inhabited by Indians. As a result, Five Civilized Tribes were relocated in the so-called Indian Territory (now Oklahoma), many died on the road and at new locations due to different climatic conditions and because of the lack of the usual food sources.
Unfortunately, the new President had to “pay” a lot for the victory. Jackson's wife died before they could move to Washington. Andrew Jackson was elected as US President and holding that status for two terms until 1837. The results of the election campaign of 1833 were even more unequivocal than in the victory of 1828. Jackson received more votes than his rival Henry Clay. In foreign policy, Jackson managed to maintain friendly relations with Great Britain. By his activities, he attempted to minimize state intervention in the economy and politics.
Andrew called his victory a victory of democracy and of the people. Historians and politicians have called the presidency of Jackson- the age of the ordinary man. Some people think that Jackson was insecure President. But it was not so. Yes, he preferred meeting in a narrow circle of confidants. But he has never been lacking in political commitment. President Jackson advocated the democratization of the electoral system, the legalization of workers ' organizations, but was opposed to the liberation of the slaves. When South Carolina refused to implement approved taxes for the federal level, Jackson received from Congress authority to use military force to suppress the resistance by sending Federal troops to South Carolina.
Jackson on the money
In different Andrew Jackson essays, there is written that Andrew Jackson is depicted on the modern American banknote of 20 dollars. But not everyone knows that in the past his picture adorned the bills of other various denominations: 5, 10, 50 and 10,000 dollars and bills of the southern Confederacy during the Civil war in denominations of $ 1,000.
Almost all political steps and innovations of President Andrew Jackson were supported by the American society. Despite mistakes and miscalculations in his policy, he left a mark in American history as President who strengthened the state and preserved the unity of the country.
…The Trail of Tears stands for one of the most tragic periods in the history of the US. It was the beginning of extermination of Indian tribe – the Cherokee. The Cherokee lived in what became the United States hundreds of years before the first European set foot in the New World. Related to the Iroquois, they had migrated lo the southern Appalachians from the Great Lakes region. Following t American Revolution and the birth of the United States the Cherokee were considered a separate nation a count within a country. Though living apart, they were committed to peaceful coexistence with their white neighbors.
Their neighbors, were more interested in land than in peace. Pressured by white settlers eager to occupy valuable and productive Cherokee land, the United States govern¬ment began a very long campaign— distinguished by raise promises ,broken treaties, racist attitudes, and threats of military force—to oust the Cherokee off their territory and out of their homes and to resettle them to the “Great American Desert” west of the Mississippi River.
This was not the first time the Cherokee were relocated off their Lands. The white men who came from across the sea pressed further into the Cherokee Nation for many- years, taking over great traces of land as they advanced. Often, the incursion of the white settlers was followed by violence. From time to time settlers assaulted and robbed the Indians and burnt their houses and other buildings. Those were not only settlers who oppressed the Cherokee. The treatment of the United States government, which promised to protect the Indians, was cruel. By 1838 no one even bothered to make empty promises and vows of friendship. Instead, troops were sent to force Cherokee to leave. The expelling of the Cherokee from their native lands was going to start. 4 000 Cherokee were about to suffer from cold, hunger and disease during the forced walk to Oklahoma. The Cherokee were about to embark on the Trail of Tears.
The removals started in 1830 when Andrew Jackson was the president of the United States. Thus Indian removal is an idea associated with his name. The idea actually began with President Jefferson in 1802.
In December 1802 and February 1803, Jefferson stated a secret Indian policy in two letters, one To Henry Dearborn, the U.S. secretary of war and the other to William Henry Harrison, governor of Indiana Territory. The ideas stated in those two letters forecast what would happen in thirty years on the southeastern Indians.
Andrew Jackson’s was not the only one who wanted to remove Indians. Many white settlers on the border also called for the Indians to move west of the Mississippi River. Some families who were neighbors of the Cherokee for a long time and had got aid and support from them during hard times departed from Jackson’s plan but they were not many in number. Settlers in Georgia demanded the removal. Later Cherokee were made to give up land in West Virginia, the Carolinas, the Tennessee. A greater part of Cherokee Nation migrated to Georgia and concentrated there. The white settlers of the state prompted the government that the United States had promised to bring to naught Indian claims to all property in Georgia. They wanted the federal government to force ill Indians to leave the state.
The Louisiana Purchase An unexpected event in 1803 made Indian accelerated Indians removal. France offered the United States to sell the Americans a great territory, then known as Louisiana, west of the Mississippi River. President Jefferson readily accepted the offer. Before the end of the year, the Americans possessed an area, stretching to the Rocky Mountains. Now there was enough land to which Native people could be deported…
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