Essay On Tatya Tope

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Tatya Tope was born in 1814. His name was 'Raghunath Rao Padu Yavalkar'. In 1818 the Peshwai Sun had passed away. Peshwa Bajirao by the British had been given a pension of Rs 8 lakh and sent to Bithur near Kanpur. At that time, the condition of the child Raghunath was only four years old. They were brought up with Peshwa's adopted son Nana Sahab. Both of them had unwavering love due to Nana Saheb's childhood. This was the reason that Tatya Tope was still on the right hand of Peshwa at the time of the revolution.

From June 1858 to 1859, Tatya Tope fought with the full power against the British Sometimes they would have guns and they would never even have a gun. In the name of the army there would be a handful of partners.
 
After the defeat of Chwalier, Tatya Tope continued to face the English army in rugged terrains. Tantia Tope roamed the English army instead of war material, from one place to another with its army without any rest. After Sikar's war, Tatya's divinity-Sun has gone away. Rao Sahib and Firoz Shah left him with Becoming helpless, he took refuge with his friend Mansingh in the forests of Poran in Narwar state with three or four companions.

On April 7, 1859, Tatya Tope was arrested by Major Meena due to betrayal of King Mansingh. At that time, he had 118 horses in the name of a horse, a Khukri and property. Tatya Tope was brought to Sepri in captivity. There he was sued in a military court and he was sentenced to death.

Tato was brought to the gallows on April 18, 1859 at 5 in the evening. There he went on his own hanging hanging and threw the hang of his own hands in his throat and then Bharat Mata's Ranbankura swung over the hanging trap.

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Born in at village Yeola in Maharashtra, he was the son of Pandurang Rao Tope, an important noble at the court of the Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II. His father shifted his family with the ill-fated Peshwa to Bithur where his son became the most intimate friend of the Peshwa's adopted son, Nana Dhondu Pant (known as Nana Sahib) and Maharaja Madhav Singhji.

In 1851, when Lord Dalhousie deprived Nana Sahib of his father's pension, Tantya Tope also became a sworn enemy of the British. In May 1857, when the political storm was gaining momentum, he won over the Indian troops of the East India Company, stationed at Kanpur (Cawnpore), established Nana Sahib's authority and became the Commander-in-Chief of his forces.

After the reoccupation of Kanpur and separation from Nana Sahib, Tantya Tope shifted his headquarters to Kalpi to join hands with the Rani Lakshmi Bai and led a revolt in Bundelkhand. He was routed at Betwa, Koonch, and Kalpi, but reached Gwalior and declared Nana Sahib as Peshwa with the support of the Gwalior contingent. Before he could consolidate his position he was defeated by Hugh Henry Rose, 1st Baron Strathnairn in a memorable battle in which Rani Lakshmi Bai was killed leading her forces against the British assault on Gwailor.

After losing Gwalior to the British, he launched a successful guerrilla campaign in the Sagar and Narmada regions and in Khandesh and Rajasthan. The British forces failed to subdue him for over a year. He was, however, betrayed into the hands of the British by his trusted friend Man Singh, Chief of Narwar, while asleep in his camp in the Paron forest. He was captured and taken to Shivpuri where he was tried by a military court and executed at the gallows on April 18, 1859. There is a statue of Tantya Tope at the site of his execution near present collectorate in Shivpuri town in Madhya Pradesh.

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