Essay On Students And Politics In Hindi

विद्‌यार्थी और राजनीति पर निबंध | Essay on Students and Politics in Hindi!

विद्‌यार्थी जीवन मानव जीवन का सर्वाधिक महत्वपूर्ण समय होता है । इस काल में विद्‌यार्थी जिन विषयों का अध्ययन करता है अथवा जिन नैतिक मूल्यों को वह आत्मसात् करता है वही जीवन मूल्य उसके भविष्य निर्माण का आधार बनते हैं ।

पुस्तकों के अध्ययन से उसे ज्ञान की प्राप्ति होती है परंतु इसके अतिरिक्त अनेक बाह्‌य कारक भी उसकी जीवन-प्रक्रिया को प्रभावित करते हैं । विभिन्न प्रकार के आर्थिक, राजनैतिक व धार्मिक परिवेश उसके जीवन पर प्रत्यक्ष या परोक्ष रूप से प्रभाव डालते हैं । विद्‌यार्थी जीवन में प्राप्त अनुभव व ज्ञान ही आगे चलकर उसके व्यक्तित्व के निर्माण हेतु प्रमुख कारक का रूप लेते हैं ।

मनुष्य एक सामाजिक प्राणी है । अत: जहाँ वह निवास करता है उसके अस-पास होने वाली घटनाओं के प्रभाव से वह स्वयं को अलग नहीं रख सकता है । उस राष्ट्र की राजनीतिक, धार्मिक व आर्थिक परिस्थितियाँ उसके जीवन पर प्रभाव डालती हैं । सामान्य तौर पर लोगों की यह धारणा है कि विद्‌यार्थी जीवन में राजनीति का समावेश नहीं होना चाहिए ।

प्राचीन काल में यह विषय केवल राज परिवारों तक ही सीमित हुआ करता था । राजनीति विषय की शिक्षा केवल राज दरवार के सदस्यों तक ही सीमित थी परंतु समय के साथ इसके स्वरूप में परिवर्तन अया है । अब यह किसी वर्ग विशेष तक सीमित नहीं रह गया है । अब कोई भी विद्‌यार्थी चाहे वह किसी भी धर्म, जाति या संप्रदाय का हो इस विषय को प्रमुख विषय के रूप में ले सकता है ।

स्वतंत्रता के पश्चात् विगत पाँच दशकों में देश की राजनीति के स्वरूप में अत्यधिक परिवर्तन देखने को मिला है । आज राजनीति स्वार्थी लोगों से भरी पड़ी है । ऐसे लोग अपने स्वार्थ को ही सर्वोपरि मानते हैं, देश की सुरक्षा व सम्मान उनकी प्राथमिकता नहीं होती है । विभिन्न अपराधों में लिप्त लोग भी आज देश के महत्वपूर्ण पदों पर आसीन हैं ।

भारतीय नागरिक होने के कारण हमारा यह दायित्व बनता है कि हम देश की राजनीति में बढ़ते अपराधीकरण को रोकें । विद्‌यार्थियों को यदि राजनीति के मूल सिद्‌धांतों की जानकारी होगी, तभी वे देश के नागरिक होने का कर्तव्य भली-भाँति निभा सकते हैं । गाँधी जी एक कुशल राजनीतिज्ञ थे, हालाँकि वे साथ-साथ एक संत और समाज-सुधारक भी थे । आज के विद्‌यार्थियों को उनके जीवन से प्रेरणा लेनी चाहिए।

राजनीति में अपराधी तत्वों के समावेश को रोकने के लिए यह आवश्यक है कि हम विद्‌यार्थी जीवन से ही छात्रों को राजनीति की शिक्षा प्रदान करें । शिक्षकों का यह दायित्व बनता है कि वह छात्रों को वास्तविक राजनीतिक परिस्थितियों से अवगत कराएँ ताकि वे बड़े होकर सही तथा गलत की पहचान कर सकें । सभी विद्‌यार्थियों का यह कर्तव्य बनता है कि वह राष्ट्रहित को ही सर्वोपरि समझें ।

यदि वे 18 वर्ष से अधिक आयु के हैं तो अपने मताधिकार का प्रयोग बड़ी ही सावधानी व विवेक से करें तथा अपने आस-पास के समस्त लोगों को भी सही व योग्य व्यक्ति को ही अपना मत देने हेतु प्रेरित करें । विद्‌यार्थी स्वयं अपने मतों के मूल्य को समझें तथा दूसरों को भी इसकी महत्ता बताएँ, जिससे राष्ट्र के शासन की बागडोर गलत हाथों में न पड़ने पाए ।

विद्‌यार्थियों को अपनी शिक्षा प्राप्ति के दौरान ऐसी राजनीतिक गतिविधियों में भाग लेने से बचना चाहिए जिनसे उनकी सामूहिक शिक्षा बाधित हो । आज के चतुर राजनीतिज्ञ अपनी स्वार्थ सिद्‌धि हेतु विद्‌यार्थियों को मोहरा बनाते हैं । उन्हें तोड़-फोड़ तथा अन्य हिंसात्मक गतिविधियों के लिए उकसाया जाता है । परिणामस्वरूप विद्‌यार्थियों का अमूल्य समय नष्ट हो जाता है ।

महाविद्‌यालयों की छात्र राजनीति में प्रवेश करने का अर्थ इतना है कि सभी छात्र लोकतंत्र की मूल भावना को समझें तथा साथ-साथ राजनीति के उच्च मापदंडों को आत्मसात् कर आवश्यकता पड़े तो राजनीति में प्रवेश लेकर राष्ट्र निर्माण की ओर कदम उठाएँ । छात्र हमारे समाज के युवा वर्गों का सही अर्थों में तभी प्रतिनिधित्व कर सकते हैं जब वे योग्यता संपन्न और चरित्रवान् हों ।



It is unfortunate how our prestigious universities have now become battlegrounds for slugfests between political parties (“ >Why our universities are in ferment”, Feb.15) and where the main issue is eventually forgotten and the culture of debate lost. Not long ago, when the issue of caste discrimination against students from a particular background came to the fore at the University of Hyderabad, it snowballed into a political controversy. Political barbs were traded, media hype followed, and, as expected, there was no perceptible change for the victims. In the JNU incident, almost all parties involved have muddied the situation over the issue that led to the arrest of a student leader.

Keshav Singh,

New Delhi

The NDA government’s notion of what constitutes “nationalism” defies logic ( >Editorial, Feb.15). Strangely, a celebration last month “in honour of” Nathuram Godse, the assassin of Mahatma Gandhi, by a Hindu outfit in Meerut was viewed as a patriotic act. By no stretch of the imagination can a meeting to condemn the execution of Afzal Guru be construed as an anti-national act. The involvement of the police has only created an atmosphere of terror on a campus that has a long and healthy tradition of debate and discussion.

K. Natarajan,

Thanjavur

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh’s assertion of the involvement of an LeT wing gives a new spin to the charge of sedition and criminal conspiracy (Feb.15). Such apparent high-handed misuse of state machinery betrays the duplicity and opportunism of the BJP which, in pursuit of sharing power, continues to have no qualms of being a part of the government in Kashmir despite the PDP’s views on the hanging of Afzal Guru. The Modi government should recall the anti-war Vietnam protests that spread across U.S. campuses and where students went to the extent of burning the American flag. In 2003, there were large-scale protests, from Berkeley to Brown, against the war in Iraq. But no one faced charges under the 1798 sedition laws of the U.S.

S.K. Choudhury,



Bengaluru

If Mr. Rajnath Singh’s statement is true, he ought to back his statement with evidence. If true again, serious action needs to be initiated against the organisers of the event. If this is the situation at a prestigious institution like JNU, does he imply that it could be much worse elsewhere? Have agents of terrorism succeeded in infiltrating universities? A situation where many young students might support anti-India protests across the country is alarming and threatens the edifice of a sovereign nation.

Debasish Baruah,



Kaziranga, Assam

On September 25, 1975, a student of JNU, Prabir Purkayastha, was mistaken for Devi Prasad Tripathi, the then president of JNUSU. He was dragged away from the School of Languages and taken into custody for alleged involvement in anti-national activities during the Emergency. He was termed a “notorious SFI activist” and a detention order under the Maintenance of Internal Security Act issued against him. He languished in prison for over a year. The arrest of JNUSU president, Kanhaiya Kumar, on charges of sedition and crackdown on student protests is strikingly similar to the excesses carried out against voices of dissent during the Emergency. This episode is a clear example of the government exercising its hegemony in academic institutions through its student wing.

Shreyans Jain,

New Delhi

Prof. Menon (“ >Why our universities are in ferment”, Feb.15) conveniently forgets to say that anti-India/pro-Afzal slogans were raised on the JNU campus. She was happy as long as the colour on campus was pure red but becomes agitated when it starts turning saffron. From the article, it is clear that students were doing everything except study for which the government is spending crores of rupees. Every citizen has a right to condemn the anti-national tilt of a section of JNU and support the ABVP which is only doing its duty to the motherland.

S. Thiyagarajan,

Puducherry

If the media is suddenly and conveniently called “irresponsible”, has the writer forgotten that its role is always to be an agent of information? If it was irresponsible, I wonder how reporters awakened the conscience of people and made them gather at India Gate to support Nirbhaya. How would we have known about the riots in Muzaffarnagar? Anything that irritates the intellectual brigade is immediately blamed on Hindutva or the RSS or even the BJP.

Dhiraj Giri,

Mohali, Punjab

The article seemed more like a personal grudge the writer nurses against the ABVP than about the state of universities. For all we know, if ABVP activists had not protested against the event, this issue may not have come to light. One has the right to take offence when someone challenges the sovereignty of the country. The JNU administration has to tell us why anti-nationalistic sentiments are being fostered in its students.

Shashank Singh,

Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh

Prof. Menon seems to cleverly manipulate the issue and justify the anti-patriotic sentiments of a section of JNU’s students. I am not well-versed in constitutional facts, but I know enough to understand that an act against the country cannot be justified or tolerated under any circumstances. Protesting to alert the government about issues such as corruption and appealing to vote banks is fine, but anti-patriotism and supporting someone who was behind the attack on Parliament?

Amit Saraswat,

Noida

There is always a Lakshman rekha that one should not cross. The unwarranted support for an enemy of the nation who was sent to the gallows by the Supreme Court should get parents thinking. What do they advise their wards when they are sent to universities to study? To concentrate on academics and come through with flying colours in conformity with their upbringing or become stooges of political parties and subserve their cause and designs?

Kedarnath Rajah Aiyar,

Pune

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